Can hearsay be the basis for a 3020-a finding that terminates a 28 year tenured teacher?

Yes. Petitioner, a 28 year special education teacher, was terminated after charges were brought against him for gross insubordination by yelling at, menacing and threatening his superiors, leaving students without supervision by a licensed teacher and other charges. Petitioner argued that the principal brought the charges solely in retaliation for petitioner’s reporting special education violations to the State and that there was no official policy against leaving students with a paraprofessional. He also claimed that the Hearing Officer’s decision was based entirely on hearsay and cannot support a determination that the charges against were sustained.

In dismissing the petition the Court found that, indeed, a 3020-a hearing founded upon hearsay can be the basis of its determination. Petitioner’s claim that there was no policy against leaving students with a paraprofessional was unavailing since he was “well aware of the rule that it is against Department and school policy to leave children without supervision of a licensed teacher as he had been disciplined before for the same infraction.”

Finally the Court sustained the Hearing Officer’s determination of termination since, as the Hearing Officer concluded, petitioner “does not think he did anything wrong. Additional training or remediation is a waste of time.”

JEFFREY LOSAK, Petitioner, v. THE CITY OF NEW YORK; NEW YORK CITY DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION; CARMEN FARINA, CHANCELLOR of NEW YORK CITY DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, Respondents. To Vacate a Decision of a Hearing Officer Pursuant to Education law Section 3020-a and CPLR 7511. Docket No. 654452/2016, Motion Seq. No. 001. 2017 NY Slip Op 30964(U) Supreme Court, New York County. April 28, 2017. Filed May 1, 2017.

Will the termination of a tenured teacher who has a 13 year unblemished record be reversed after a finding that she escalated a student confrontation?

No. Petitioner was charged with escalating a confrontation with a student by yelling expletives and threatening him with violence. The student was removed and later that day petitioner threatened the student with having her husband, an armed police officer, kill him.

The following day petitioner brought her husband to school but the student was not present as he was suspended. The Hearing Officer, despite reviewing petitioner’s 13 year unblemished record found the incident so egregious since it “ conveyed a message to other students that she could not rely upon school authorities to control threats of violence against a teacher by a student.”

Justice Lynn Kotler and the Appellate Division, First Department agreed.

The Appellate Division added, in their unanimous opinion, that “Petitioner also showed no remorse nor appreciation for the seriousness of her conduct  to support a finding that she would not engage in similar conduct if faced with such circumstances in the future. Petitioner declined to take the stand, and thus, the hearing officer was permitted to draw the strongest inference against her permitted by the record.” [citations omitted]

IN RE SUZANNE VARRIALE, Petitioner-Appellant, v. CITY OF NEW YORK, ET AL., Respondents-Respondents. 3572, 652189/14., 2017 NY Slip Op 02513.  Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, First Department. Decided March 30, 2017


Was a tenured teacher’s conduct so egregious that, despite his 28 year unblemished record, his termination will stand?

Yes. Petitioner, a tenured teacher assigned to a co-teaching position for special education pre-k students was charged with several specifications involving forcibly restraining students, rolling a student off of a cot, inappropriately grabbing a student, spoke out during a professional development session, threatened a student with calling the police to put him in jail and that he received 10 disciplinary letters to his file.

While petitioner disputed the allegations he argued that the penalty of termination was not indicated since he had a 28 year record without a disciplinary history. The Hearing Officer disagreed and terminated him.

Upon appeal Justice Lynn Kotler affirmed the termination. Justice Kotler wrote, “petitioner’s length of employment does not outweigh the egregious nature of his conduct which was not merely an isolated incident but rather, can fairly be characterized as a pattern of irresponsibility, disregard, and poor judgment.”

PETER COHEN, v. THE CITY OF NEW YORK et al. 2017 NY Slip Op 30323(U), Docket No. 651730/16, Mot. Seq. No. 001. Supreme Court, New York County. February 17, 2017.

Does a teacher’s conduct shock the conscience when the proven allegations amount to lax bookkeeping rather than a venial scheme?

No. Petitioner, a special education teacher assigned to home instruction in Far Rockaway was terminated, after a 3020-a hearing, for submitting inaccurate timesheets for sessions she did not conduct in wake of Hurricane Sandy. Petitioner admitted to submitting inaccurate timesheets but explained she had prefilled the timesheet with a student whose home was destroyed and taught a different student.

The Appellate Division, First Department held that termination “ is disproportionate to the level of petitioner’s misconduct and exceeds the standards that society requires to be applied to this offense.” The Court further observed that petitioner received no benefit for her inaccuracies and that the DOE offered no clear protocol to deal with home instructed students who were negatively impacted by the hurricane.

Justice Andrias wrote a dissent in which he opined that there was more than enough evidence of petitioner’s fraudulent intent especially since petitioner had failed to notify her supervisor of the child’s move to Brooklyn. Additionally Justice Andrias observed that this was not a single lapse of judgment but showed that for over two months petitioner failed to provide the affected student with needed services.

IN RE AMIRA BEATTY, Petitioner-Appellant, v. CITY OF NEW YORK, ET AL., Respondents-Respondents. 3043, 652103/14. 2017 NY Slip Op 01628, Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, First Department. Decided March 2, 2017.

Can a 3020-a hearing determination become the basis for the denial of unemployment insurance?

Yes. Claimant, an ATR who had been dismissed for engaging in misconduct, conduct unbecoming and/or prejudicial, insubordination and violating DOE rules filed for unemployment insurance. The Unemployment Insurance Appeal Board denied the claim and the Appellate Division, Third Department agreed.

The Court found that claimant was given a full and fair opportunity to defend herself at the 3020-a hearing and was represented by counsel. The Unemployment Board’s reliance on the facts of this hearing was proper and claimant was collaterally estopped from relitigating the matter.

In the Matter of the VERONICA TELEMAQUE, Appellant. COMMISSIONER OF LABOR, Respondent. 2017 NY Slip Op 02109 Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Third Department.  Decided March 23, 2017.

Can a hearing officer’s finding in a termination proceeding be upheld where it partially relied upon a teacher’s excessive absences with no proof that it limited the effectiveness of the teacher’s performance?

No. Evan Mirenberg, an elementary school teacher was terminated after a 3020-a hearing for submitting forged physician’s notes and being excessive absent. Mirenberg offered psychological evidence that he suffered from panic attacks and an anxiety disorder and it affected his judgment in deciding to forge the physician’s notes.

The DOE moved to dismiss the proceeding.

Justice Lucy Billings denied the motion and ordered that the DOE respond to the petition. In her opinion Justice Billings found that without a complete transcript of the proceeding it was not possible to determine if, pursuant to Chancellor’s  Regulation C-601 Mirenberg’s absences were “so numerous as to limit the effectiveness of service” since only such a finding could support disciplinary action.

Additionally Billings could not determine whether the penalty of termination could be supported solely upon a finding of Mirenberg’s dishonestly since the hearing officer made no such determination.

In the Matter of the Application of EVAN MIRENBERG, Petitioner, For a Judgment Pursuant to Article 75 of the C.P.L.R. v. NEW YORK CITY DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, Respondent. Docket No. 653846/2015. Supreme Court, New York County. March 30, 2017.

Can a tenured teacher who retires while facing 3020-a charges get his teaching license restored?

No. Wayne Crawford Jefferson, a tenured NYC teacher, retired while charges were pending against him. Pursuant to Chancellor’s Regulation C-205 resigning or retiring while charges are pending causes the automatic termination of a teacher’s NYC teaching license. Jefferson sought to get his license reinstated and brought an Article 78 proceeding in Queens Supreme Court and appealed to the Appellate Division, Second Department. Both courts rejected his arguments that he was deprived of his constitutional rights and that he was unaware of the regulation.

Jefferson’s state certification was not addressed in these proceedings. The loss of a NYC teaching license does not automatically revoke state teaching privileges. A separate proceeding is required to remove State teaching privileges.

Matter of Jefferson v New York City Bd. of Educ.
2017 NY Slip Op 00166
Decided on January 11, 2017
Appellate Division, Second Department